Resources

Q & A:  Aquatic Plants

Q1: What are micro-nutrients and macro-elements?
A1: Micro-nutrients, also known as trace elements, consist of:

·       boron (B), chloride (Cl), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo), nickel (Ni)

The primary macronutrients are:

·       nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P)

Macro-elements are secondary macronutrients consist of:

·       potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sulfur (S)

 

Q2: What are the acceptable nutrient values in a planted aquarium?
A2: Generally, maintain the values of the followings:

·       Hydrogen ion (pH):  7.0 @ 22°C -25°C

·       Carbonate hardness (kH):  between 4°kH and 15°kH

·       General hardness (gH):  between 8°gH and 20°gH

·       Nitrate (NO₃):  below 30 mg/l

·       Phosphate (PO₄):  below 0.1 mg/l

·       Iron (Fe): between 0.1 mg/l and 0.2 mg/l

·       Potassium (K):  between 5 mg/l and 10 mg/l

·       Magnesium (Mg) between 5 mg/l and 50 mg/l

·       Calcium (Ca):  between 20 mg/l and 30 mg/l

·       Carbon Dioxide (CO₂):  between 20 mg/l and 25 mg/l

 

TIP! Determine the aquarium water values of iron, calcium, potassium and magnesium by means of a reliable test kit or checker. Adjust the desired value of individual nutrient accordingly. An array of individual nutrient is available for adjustment and/or amendment.

Notes:

1.      Differing plant species and/or types possess varying nutrient requirement value. Acquaint the plants with their respective nutrient requirements.

2.      Advitan Micro Lush 1 and Advitan Macro Lush 2 contain all the necessary micro nutrients or trace elements in proper proportions.

 

Q3: What are the conditions for maintaining aquatic plants?
A3: In planted aquariums with or without fish:

·       Setting up the aquarium with proper type of gravel substrate and/or growing media.

·       Provide adequate and proper type of lighting.

·       Provide proper aquarium biological filter, maintaining calm water movement.

·       Performing regular aquarium cleaning and partial water changes.

·       Rendering tap water safe for aquariums with chemical-free conditioner, i.e., Advitan Solution.

·       Regular monitoring values of essentials and non-essentials within the water parameter.

·       Supplement with proper plant nutrients and with proper dosage.

·       Selection of compatible species and/or types of aquatic plants.

 

In planted aquariums populated with fish:

·       Feeding the aquarium fish with quality food.

·       Keeping fish and other inhabitants compatible with aquatic plants.

 

Q4: What are the causes in which aquatic plants are unable to thrive?  
A4: In planted aquariums with and without fish:

·       Unhygienic water condition, due to lack of regular maintenance.

·       Chemicals used to treat tap water for aquariums.

·       Improper and/or worn lighting.

·       Inadequate or lack of proper nutrients for the aquatic plants.

·       Improper and/or overdose of nutrient supplements for the aquatic plants.

·       Inconsistent aquarium water temperature – set too high or too low, or drastic fluctuation.

·       Water parameter unmonitored.

 

In planted aquariums populated with fish:

·       Incompatible fish species with types or species of plants.

·       Poor quality fish food and/or overfeeding causing excessive and/or undigested waste.

·       Fish treatment with medication.

 

TIP! Determine the values of iron, calcium, potassium and magnesium at the water source i.e., tap water, by means of a reliable tester or checker. Adjust the desired value of individual nutrient accordingly. An array of individual nutrient is available for adjustment and/or amendment.